Thinking Modes in Inquiry Systems

This paper discusses thinking modes, such as induction, deduction, multiple realities, and dialectics, used in inquiry systems.

This paper explains that an inquiry system, which is a systematic investigation for producing knowledge by processing input through an operator for an output, acts as a guarantor for the operator to verify the conclusion of an issue. The author points out that deductive thinking is a scientific method in applying laws to come up with assumptions that can be tested. Observations are collected to deal with those assumptions, and then the laws will be confirmed by deductive thinking. The paper demonstrates the inductive approach by presenting the case of the relationship between the brightness of lighting while sleeping and myopia; however, it is hardly a cause-and-effect relationship, as many other factors are ignored. For example, the reading habits of children, genetic factors affecting their visual system, and the social status and the educational level of the family.

Table of Contents
Inductive Approach
Deductive Approach
Multiple Realities
Case Study 1: Inductive Approach
The Relationship between the Brightness of Lighting While Sleeping and Myopia
Case Study 2: Deductive Approach
The Age of the Earth
Case Study 3: Multiple Realities
Searching for a Way to Save a Corporation
Case Study 4: Dialectic Approach
Complete Ban on Smoking in Indoor Area
“For the strength of this approach, it can be used effectively in gaining the belief of people on propositions of past or present fact or value and it will often be a superior method in persuading others with presenting the facts and data the observer gathered. In this case, the physician concluded that the causality between the degree of the brightness in sleeping and the children’s tendency to myopia, the findings of his research was clearly presented and his observation is seems to be scientific and believable, thus, after reading the article, many parents bought eyeshades for their children.”