On a voyage to America from England

On a voyage to America from England, John Winthrop, who was elected to be governor, gave his sermon A Model of Christian Charity to a group of emigrants who came from different financial and social backgrounds. Knowing that they will the part of a new community, he makes it clear in the beginning that “some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity; others mean in subjection.” However, the humanistic mind will question God’s choice for his or her place in this new community and the idea of Charity. Winthrop understands the inevitable desire of wealth and the clash between the rich and poor and tries to explain why “the rich and mighty should not eat up the poor, nor the poor and despised rise up against their superiors.” He attempts to answer this by saying it’s a test from God to see if they are using his wisdom to exercise mercy and justice to become a community of harmonious Christians. He emphasis that everyone needs to depend on one another. “; as sometimes yet may be an occasion of showing mercy to a rich man in sudden danger of distress, and also doing of mere justice to a poor man in regard of some particular contract.” He wants everyone to think of the community as a whole and by working together nobody will be in harm.