Category Archives: Articles

  • -

Failure to listen is consistently an obstruction to effective communication

Category : Articles

Failure to listen is consistently an obstruction to effective communication. Listening satisfactorily and capably is one of the hardest things in feasible correspondence (Guffey and Loewy, 2011). Poor listening upsets the audience’s ability to process whatever kind of information is being passed on. This may be a direct result of a person’s absence of fixation. From the YouTube video, in the discharge case conference, the manifestation of ineffective listening is clearly evident on the professionals; London’s attention is captured by his stethoscope, Joy is too busy playing with her hair, Katie is so obsessed with her phone, Diane’s attention is on her nails, Dr. Mayo is so obsessed with her phone, Kriten, the nursing student is busy fixing her left earring and drinking coffee and Petey Julie is busy sketching on her notebook and kind of forgets that the conference is going on. She’s however reminded by her colleague Katie and she responds clumsily, fumbling with words. Nobody is effectively listening to the speaker. There’s lack of concentration. In a meeting of this magnitude, it’s appropriate that the healthcare experts stop and listen effectively and ethically.


  • -

Haleem Grillo Professor HaffJanuary 12

Category : Articles

Haleem Grillo
Professor HaffJanuary 12, 2018
Revenue is just the total amount of money accumulated from a business before subtracting expenses while Profit is the total amount of money earned by a business after subtracting expenses.

Standard of living is the degree or level of wealth, happiness and material comfort of a nation or city while Quality of life is the level of wealth and happiness of an identified group of people.

Risk is time and money an entrepreneur takes to a business which might not gain profit. It is related to profit when a business wants to a take a chance to buy materials he has a choice whether to buy one or the other and if he gains revenue from a material he removes expenses from the revenue to gain his profit.

Stake holders are the people who will either gain or lose by the policies and activities of a business. Outsourcing means making transactions with other companies to do a function of a firm, mostly its production tasks. Insourcing means the practice of using the organization’s resources to complete a task.

a. You do not bear the risk of the company.

b. You have health insurance.

c. You have retirement benefits.

6. Advantages
a. It offers flexibility.

b. It allows you to set your own earnings.

c. You have control of the company.

Disadvantages
There is excessive competition as a business owner.

It means you must dedicate a huge amount of time to the business.

The business does not guarantee success.

Land, Labor, Capital, Entrepreneurship and Knowledge. The most important is knowledge to create wealth.

a. To promote private ownership of business.

b. They can further lessen the risks of entrepreneurship by passing the laws that enable business people to write enforceable contracts.

c. They establish a currency that is tradeable in the world markets.

d. They can help minimize corruption in business and its own ranks.

9. Effectiveness is being adequate to accomplish a task or purpose and producing the expected result. Efficiency means performing in the best possible way with less time and effort. Productivity means the amount of output you generate given the amount of input.Empowerment means giving frontline workers the responsibility, authority, freedom, training and equipment they need to respond to customers quickly.

The major issues that are affecting the economy are war and terrorism, climate change, greening.

12. The major factor is technology.

It seems bright because it would be revolutionized by technology but it would need the cooperation of government and social leaders of the world
It means to do something stupid or dumb. You can avoid it by not letting people grind you down and not listening to them.


  • -

My job title is Admin Apprentice

Category : Articles

My job title is Admin Apprentice, my job is to assist with all administration aspects across the school.

I provide cover on the main reception when the permanent receptionist is having a lunch break and I provide extra support at busy times. Reception duty includes the answering of telephones, booking meetings rooms, booking taxis, sorting internal and external mail, sending mail, signing for delivery’s and dealing with enquiries.

I do laminating, printing, photo copying of documents to support the staff in our school.

I file paper copies of documents in the personnel office, the paper copies need filing in alphabetical order by surname and into 4 different files which are personnel, leave of absence, sickness and variation to pay.

When the fire alarm goes off and everyone evacuates the building I have responsibility for registering members of staff from the guild I am in which is Seacole. When the fire evacuation has finished and everyone has been registered and we are free to enter back into the building I have to immediately print off anther clean staff registration sheet and put it in the designated place so that it is ready for the next fire drill.

I have been helping out with the admissions administration. Applications are sent to me after the decision of acceptance has been made by our admissions officer. I then have to write and send letters to parents detailing the decision of admission, a letter also has to be written and sent to the council detailing the decision of admission.

I have a coaching group with another member of staff, our coaching group consists of 10 students at the moment. Every Monday morning at period two which is at 9.30am until 10.35 am we have our coaching session. Our coaching session is about developing positive relationships with the students, checking their planners, counting their stamps and negatives comments, discussing attendance and any late marks with the students.


  • -

The knowledge argument is intended to establish that awareness familiarity incorporates non-physical possessions

Category : Articles

The knowledge argument is intended to establish that awareness familiarity incorporates non-physical possessions (Malatesti 32). It is based on the Qualia premise on the concept that an individual who holds comprehensive physical awareness in regard to a dissimilar mindful being might also be missing the familiarity of the definite sensitivity to having the understanding of that thing (Malatesti 32). The argument additionally dues that there are realities in regard to realization that can never be comprehended from the wholesome physical reality. For instance when one sees a black car for the first time then later sees a yellow one they are able to learn a different and new truth about the feeling of seeing yellow. Therefore, according to Jackson’s argument dissimilar from physicalism, the entire physical reality does not refer to the wholesome certainty (Malatesti 32). In that, the acquired physical truth of a black care does not establish or physically communicates the entire truth in regard to the world. Even with the experience of the physical truth of a black vehicle, one is also able to acquire a different truth in regard to a distinct version of a car.


  • -

During and after the Gilded Age

Category : Articles

During and after the Gilded Age, because of the great changes of Industrialization, the American government’s involvement in regulating the business world was a hotbed of controversial debate. Some felt that the way to achieve greater economic and social growth and to fix society’s problems was through Social Darwinism and Individualism. Social Darwinism was a theory, that what a man worked for was all he deserved to receive, and that no one should give aid to anyone, because they must’ve not worked as hard as they should have. Individualism was essentially the same idea that any man could rise from whatever origins they were born to, to as high as he wanted if he worked and utilized his capabilities and strength of will to the utmost. In contrast others felt that the government and the wealthy should be more involved in regulating the economy and helping the poor and needy out. They felt that while America had become an industrial giant with the turn of the century, her morals and human values had been left in the old century. Big business owners and government officials had abandoned all values, real or imagined for self-profit.

Walt Whitman, a poet who constantly had sung the praises of America’s democracy, culture, and strength, now wondered whether her materialistic pursuits had made her have a “hollowness of heart (R. D. Heffner, A. Heffner, 220-221).” By going through the origins of these two perspectives, and the evidence of who profited from the ideas, Social Darwinism will be shown not to have been the best road for the United States government to take in respect to the economy in specific and the citizens of the country.

The Gilded Age was an era that extended from the late 1870’s to the late 1890’s. The term Gilded Age came from a book by Mark Twain and Charles Warner, entitled The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. The authors were subtly trying to tell the public that although the new innovations the era had brought shone and sparkled like gold, beneath the inventions, industrialization, and economic growth, poverty, crime and great class differentiation festered. During the era of the Gilded Age, the United States’ approach to the then largely lasseiz-faire economy was a topic of great debate in the nation (Appleby et al, 458).

The concentration of wealth in the United States was clustered at the very point of the social pyramid. In early 1900’s, there were approximately 30 billionaires in the United States. Rockefeller, Carnegie, Frick, Ford, and an array of railroad builders and financiers topped the list. The level of class inequality was so great that the laborers had a very, very weak bargaining point. There were not that many other places to work, and so the employers were able to set low wages and unsafe working conditions with no fear of opposition. Strikes were either broken up by force or ignored, and new workers took the place of the old rebellious ones (Heffner, 219). Many of the big businesses did not use fair business tactics. Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Trust finagled the Railroad companies into giving him rebates on shipping costs, out of consideration of his sheer freight bulk. He freighted (unfairly) for much less than the small businesses. Most of the big businesses also sought to make some sort of monopoly over their area of trade.

Whether vertical (All the fields involved with the business) or horizontal (All of a certain business) monopolies, they got the whole field under their control, forcing the other competitors out of business with below unfair prices. Other big companies used wrong or even harmful measures to increase their profit margins. The meat field for one did not hesitate at using rancid and rotting meat in their products to save money. For their ground meat they used spoiled meat they could not sell, offal and even rat meat. Unfortunate humans who fell into the gigantic grinders were mixed in too. Upton Sinclair, a journalist, wrote the fictitious book The Jungle, to bring this monstrosity into the public’s eye. Another journalist named Samuel Hopkins Adams published a series of articles describing what went into the medicines and pharmaceuticals people bought. Many of the so called medicines were merely flavored or colored water that the companies claimed would cure a variety of ills. Others were contained substances such as caffeine, alcohol, or even opium.

Consumers had no idea if the medicines would be harmful to their health or beneficial. Nor did they get any assurances that the medicine would work as claimed. No government department was in charge of making sure there was no false advertising. The American people read these literary works and rebelled against the sickening methods companies were using to make money. Many readers even became vegetarians (Appleby et al, 530). President Roosevelt and the Congress responded to the public outrage with the passing of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act in 1906 (Axelrod, 224-225).

But inequality and the one sided power struggle did not mean that the common workers were completely exempt from the rewards of industrial progress. The growth of the United States economy meant benefits for each class. Many Americans were much better off in the Gilded Age than they had been before. Urban workers in particular, had a vast improvement in the quality of life over the course of the Gilded Age. Government was small at almost all levels, so taxes were extremely low. Most of the wealthy people for example, paid 1% of their income in taxes. Most people’s lifestyle improved as a result of electricity, plumbing, and good food were cheaper to obtain. However, for those who did not or could not work, life was very tough. There was no government intervention in the like of welfare or food stamps. Nor any type of life insurance for those who were injured in work, or who simply could never compete with other, more qualified workers (Krugman, 19-20). These were the people for whom the Gilded Age was truly merely gilt and not gold.

This time period was when the idea of individualism began to gain widespread popularity. This idea was that any man could rise from whatever origins he was born into, to as high as he wanted if he worked and utilized his capabilities and strength of will to the utmost. This wholly American belief which we continue to hold until today, led to arrival of one of the theories people wanted the government to adopt towards the economy, Social Darwinism. This concept was adapted by Herbert Spencer from Charles Darwin’s book, On the Origins of Species by Means of Natural Selection, on evolution. Darwin claimed that life on earth had evolved through a process he dubbed natural selection. Species that adapt to changes in their environment become strong and live on, and species who cannot adapt, simply die out over time. Spencer took this idea and adapted it to human society. He claimed that human society developed by the same rule. So what happens if individuals or the government interferes and helps the lower, inadaptable ones? The human species will weaken. He called it, ‘Survival of the fittest’. This became the catchphrase of Spencer and his group of followers, who were called the Social Darwinists (Appleby et al, 459-461).

One of Spencer’s followers, William Graham Sumner, said that, “Society does not owe any men a living… The fact that a man is here is no demand upon other people that they shall keep him alive and sustain him… if he fights it with the same energy and enterprise and skill and industry as any other man, I cannot imagine his failing…” He felt that the government would have to help everyone if they helped only a select few. It wouldn’t be feasible. Men have to work hard to succeed and it’s no one’s responsibility but their own, because no one owes them anything. If one does his own work, and tries his hardest, he cannot fail (Appleby et al, 465).

Not surprisingly, big industrialists heartily embraced this notion, as it was very similar to the idea of laissez-faire, a government intervention free economy that they wanted to keep. John D. Rockefeller, owner of the huge Standard Oil Trust, said that the growth of enormous businesses like his own were “merely the working out of the law of nature” (Appleby et al, 459).

These ideas had basis in fact. They went back over a hundred years to Adam Smith in 1776, when he wrote The Wealth of Nations. He claimed in his book, that countries would prosper if they let their economies run with no intervention, merely operate on the natural laws of supply and demand. Business owners would try to turn out the largest amount of goods and services at the lowest prices, and competition would keep the economy moving. “The invisible hand of self-interest” would keep the businesses headed in the path of community service. This ‘hand’ was the pursuit of profits (Harris and Antel, 456). To most people in the Gilded Age, this type of economy seemed to be working, as the Social Darwinism; laissez-faire economy had clearly prospered for both employer and employee, though not proportionally. Businesses were booming and the quality and standard of life was improving. But while this was in essence true, it did not include those unlucky enough not to have a job in the booming big businesses. The majority of people lived a hand to mouth existence, in grinding poverty. The urban worker saw a rise in his earnings and his quality of life but not so for the rural population (Krugman, 19-20). The future beyond what most people could see right then was not as rosy.

The businesses were getting bigger and bigger, and while there still was a minute bit of competition soon there would not be, and there would be only monopolies. This would cause prices and quality to be at the whim of the monopolies, because the incentive to keep people as consumers would go away. There would be nowhere else for the consumers to go (R. D. Heffner, A. Heffner, 222). As Social Darwinism became more and more prominent in discussions of the government’s approach to the economy and big businesses, new theories sprang up in opposition of this concept. Andrew Carnegie, was an industrialist like Rockefeller, who ran a colossal steel company (Appleby et al, 459). However, Carnegie had a rather different view on the topic of Social Darwinism. He felt that Social Darwinism was too harsh. He advocated a concept he called the Gospel of Wealth. This philosophy held that wealthy people should not just focus on themselves and on succeeding, but should also think of the other less fortunate people.

“In bestowing charity, the main consideration should be to help those who will help themselves…” This meant that wealthy people should not just give charity, but they should use their wealth to help those in need, by making them able to help themselves. They should build schools, hospitals and museums. Rich people should provide opportunities for the poor to better themselves both culturally and educationally. He said, “The man who dies rich, dies shamed. ” Carnegie himself built libraries across the country. Others who followed his lead, also started major philanthropic works by opening the Salvation Army, the YMCA and other charity organizations (Appleby et al, 466). A bonus to his theory of Social Gospel was that Carnegie influenced many of the other so called ‘robber barons’ to do the same. Rockefeller himself, one of the greatest of the unfair business tactic users, created the Rockefeller Institute of Medical Research and established the Rockefeller Foundation (Axelrod, 213).

Another big theory about poverty was published in a book called, Progress and Poverty, by a journalist named Henry George in 1879. It mainly discusses all the points of the national debate going on throughout the country about government intervention in the economy, in the Gilded Age. In the book, George says, “The present century has been marked by a prodigious increase in wealth producing power”; this he continues should have established poverty as, “a thing of the past.” Instead it has made the “gulf between the employed and the employers growing wider; social contrasts are becoming sharper.” In contrast to what the Social Darwinists said, George explains that the laissez-faire economy is making society’s problems worse (Appleby et al, 465).

To combat the theories of Social Darwinism and its ilk, in 1883, Lester Frank Ward published the book, Dynamic Sociology. In his book, Frank argues against the concept of Social Darwinism by saying that humans do not follow the same patterns as animals, because we can plan to create the future we desire. His ideas came to be known as Reform Darwinism. He alleged that cooperation between people was the key to success and competition ruined it. Government should regulate the economy; promote education and stop poverty, rather than just letting things happen as they will (Appleby et al, 465).

Criticism of Social Darwinism appeared in literature too, in a new style called naturalism. They challenged the idea that man can change his fate by saying that sometimes circumstances and happenstance, life makes a man fail through no fault of his own. An example of an author who used naturalism in his works was Jack London. He wrote many books of man’s helplessness in the face of nature’s might, proving that man cannot really change his own fate (Appleby et al, 46). There were many Americans across the nation who were pro government intervention in business, and against big businesses monopolizing the economy. Small business owners and farmers had become especially incensed at the big business’ and railroad companies. The big businesses shipped such large amounts of goods that they were able to get unfair rebates and lower shipping costs from the railroad companies, while those smaller businesses paid much higher rates. The Federal government did not answer these concerns for a long time. Both of the political parties believed that big businesses had the same property rights as individuals. So, many state governments began passing laws regulating railroad rates in their stead. But in 1886, the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Wabash, St. Louis, and Pacific Railroad V. Illinois, that only the federal government could regulate interstate commerce and states could not regulate railroad rates between states (Appleby et al, 463).

There were many criminals during this period that the American public made heroes of urban legends, dime novels, and later movies and television. One of the lawbreakers put on a pedestal like this was Jesse James, a thief and stage coach bandit. Why did the American public not abhor these thieves and killers, but actually adored them? Because their victims were big companies like the railroad companies and big banks, who took the common man’s money to hoard in their vaults. The public saw those institutions as ones who daily robbed the public anyways. The real victims were people who were not lucky enough to have been born a Rockefeller or his equal. In the viewpoint of that time, the big companies were like the Sheriff of Nottingham, while the outlaws were Robin Hoods. The government was considered just as bad as the big businesses. It passed laws only to profit the rich, while the common man got nothing. To sum up the big business’s opinion of the general population, William H. Vanderbilt, a railroad magnate, infamously said, “The public be darned.” He was saying that we will do what we want, the common man does not matter (Axelrod, 210-211).

In 1887, public pressure forced Congress into action to try and rectify the big businesses control over the free market and their lax way of treating the individual consumer. President Cleveland signed the Interstate Commerce Act. This act created the Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC). This was the first federal law to try and regulate trade and business. It limited railroad company’s rates to “reasonable and just” prices. It forbade companies to give rebates to high volume users and made it illegal to charge higher rates for shorter hauls. It was not really effective because it had to rely on courts to enforce its rulings.

Another law passed by Congress to try and reduce the control of big businesses over the economic field was the Sherman Anti-Trust Act in 1890. It was created to try and regulate trusts in businesses. It prohibited “any combination… or conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce among several states”. It didn’t work for a few reasons; it was too vaguely worded, it was poorly enforced and it was weakened by judicial interpretation. The Supreme Court ruled that it did not apply to manufacturing, because manufacturing was not interstate. It had very little actual impact on businesses, it was more significant for establishing a precedent (like the ICC) than it was for being effective (Appleby et al, 464).

So in 1914, President Woodrow Wilson created the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), to monitor American businesses. Unlike the ICC they could actually accomplish some of their intentions because they could investigate companies and order them to “cease and desist” if they were engaging in unfair business tactics, such as rebates. Congress also passed the Clayton Anti-Trust Act. It outlawed some practices that hurt competition. It banned restrictive sale and price discrimination. This act clarified some of the issues and wording that the Sherman Anti-Trust Act was too vague upon (Appleby et al, 539).

In today’s modern day society, Social Darwinism is very much not in effect. The government not only has strict control over big businesses in the matter of trusts, pools and the like, but it also has numerous programs to help the unfortunate and needy. Welfare, social security, and food stamps are only some of the programs that are set up to stop any one from going hungry. In a way though, it is very slightly darwinistic. If you want to get these free benefits, you have to go out there and help yourself.


  • -

Aufgrund der durch Marketingmaßnahmen erhöhten Nachfrage und dem folgenden Zuwachs der Touristenanzahl wird eine größere Anzahl an Ausflugspaketen angeboten

Category : Articles

Aufgrund der durch Marketingmaßnahmen erhöhten Nachfrage und dem folgenden Zuwachs der Touristenanzahl wird eine größere Anzahl an Ausflugspaketen angeboten.
Ausflugsziele wie beispielsweise die „Blue Lagoon” werden plötzlich leichter und für größere Personengruppen zugänglich, außerdem Bedarf es für einen Besuch weniger Vorbereitung seitens der Reisenden.
Anbieter wie Iceland Excursions und Gray Line Iceland starten ihre Touren und Ausflüge von der Hauptstadt Reykjavik aus.
Demnach können Touristen Reykjavik als Basislager für ihre Ausflüge nutzten. Sie sind wie Individualtouristen frei sich ihre Ausflugsziel und deren Reihenfolge selbst zusammen zu stellen, unterscheiden sich jedoch soweit von typischen Individualtouristen, dass die Umsetzung und das Erlebnis des Ausflugs selbst vorgefertigt, somit standardisiert ist.
Der standardisierten Individualtourismus weist massentouristische Aspekte, aufgrund der erhöhten Konzentration von Reisenden an bestimmten Ausflugszielen durch Gruppenangebote auf und entfernt sich somit vom ursprünglichen Erlebnischarakter.
Der standardisierten Individualtourismus nimmt eine eigene Position ein, um den Link zum inszenierten Pseudoindividualtourismus, welcher mittels Angebotsinszenierung entsteht, zu verdeutlichen.
Die Inszenierung macht sich hauptsächlich die Präsenz der Zielgruppe in sozialen Netzwerken zu Nutze und versucht durch deren Posts wiederum neue Reisende anzuziehen. Diese Entwicklung ist vermutlich eine Reaktion der Marketingmaßnahmen, welche auch zu großen Teilen über soziale Netzwerke erfolgten. Dazu bei trägt auch die Tatsache, dass die Landschaft eine Vielzahl an beeindrucken Fotomotiven zulässt, welche besonders attraktiv wirken und der Destination zu einem Alleinstellungsmerkmal verhelfen.


  • -

What is the primary objective of the American Criminal Justice System

Category : Articles

What is the primary objective of the American Criminal Justice System? To preserve social order, uphold the law, all while defending people from injustice. (In 1964, Herbert L. Packer published a paper entitled “Two Models of the Criminal Process”) ( ). Crime Control and Due Process were the two models Packer used in explaining the contrasting outlooks over the preferred way to control criminals and crime in our nation. The Due Process targets a liberal way of criminal justice that supports a criminal’s rights. Contradictory to the Due Process model the Crime Control model’s focal point has a more conservative perspective which focuses on defending society from criminals by controlling criminal activities and justice.
The concept of the Crime Control Model is to cutback criminal activity to protect the people. Two significant elements of the model are productivity and speed. (It is more important to protect society as a whole against crime and criminals than it is to protect the single person who committed that crime) ( ). The Crime Control Model’s greatest objective is dictating the most suitable punishment for criminals and bringing them to trials quicker. This model can be compared to an assembly line.


  • -

I believe we should abolish the Electoral College vote because it will make every vote count

Category : Articles

I believe we should abolish the Electoral College vote because it will make every vote count. With the winner take all elections, people who are in the minority party in their states have no real reason to come out and vote. The current winner take all system of awarding electoral votes maximizes opportunity for fraud, intimidation, and/or confusion. It will also make candidates campaign everywhere. As of now, some states will barely see political campaigns, it should help non swing states get more involved, and get rid of the red/blue states that do nothing but to divide us even more. The National popular vote would limit the chances of fraud and vote suppression.


  • -

You created a paper for presentation in your educational institution and want to check content for originality

Category : Articles

You created a paper for presentation in your educational institution and want to check content for originality? Or you ordered papers from writing companies and want to check essay for plagiarism? Whatever your cause is – the purpose stays the same – you apparently desire to check papers before submission. To help users worldwide detect copied content, we created free plagiarism checker! With the assistance of this useful instrument, you can search for any stolen data and avoid them in your document easy.


  • -

In the rubbish bin is a short story by Apirana Taylor

Category : Articles

In the rubbish bin is a short story by Apirana Taylor. The main protagonist of the story is Phillipa, a 7 year old girl who has been left at home by herself on her birthday by her mother Ruth and her father Rolf. Phillipa spends her time outside talking to her ragdoll Chubby and imagining unrealistic situations. The purpose of the text is to show how one might feel in an abusive and neglectful relationship and how to escape reality by using your imagination. I’m trying to hold my breath. Let it stay this way can’t let this moment end