The present thesis analyses Cormac McCarthy’s novel The Road (2006) in the light of the theories of dystopia. Dystopia is described as imaginative society that has gone wrong due to the prevalence of exploitation, repression, state violence, war, genocide, famine, depression, debt, and the steady weakening of the humanity. Cormac McCarthy is an American novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. He has written ten novels belong to dystopia genre. Shortsightedness, fragmentation, destruction, loss of the order and the political disruption in the novel The Road proves as dystopian in character. This study aims to reveal dystopia as the subject matter of the given novel. Cormac McCarthy’s The Road deals with the issue of scientific developments and its manipulation by totalitarian government. Human lives should have been enhanced by the latest scientific inventions. People are usually optimistic about the scientific inventions and innovative ideas. However, the same scientific ideas and innovative concepts begin to rule over human life. People become victim of modern technology. In The Raad the major characters , father and boy could not operate freely because of the regular observation of totalitarian government.