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It is James Brewer Stewart the historian thesis that the great social changes and revivalism in the 18th Century had begun New England’s abolitionist crusade which was against slavery. James Brewer had devoted much of his life professionally to the research and study of abolitionism. James Brewer here outlines his path-breaking research and findings on the key aspects of the antislavery movement. James stresses on a biographical approach, he has emphasized on black and white abolitionist co-operation in the challenge to the Northern discrimination and racism, the Southern way of life and the emancipation of slavery. He has considered all aspects of the movement which include anti-institutional reforms championed by likes of Garrison to the those committed to antislavery politics like Giddings.
James Brewer Stewart asks the question of why the antislavery movement actually mattered and answers it, he has also discussed the role played by the abolitionists in bringing civil war as well as the degree to which religion and other cultural factors influenced their behavior. Beginning of the 1830s the abolitionist movement increasingly became prominent mostly in politics and the Northern churches which is after the religious fervor of the second Great awakening.

In the 18th Century abolitionism received a powerful impact by revivalism. As the protestants fought to overcome the adversities they faced of immense challenges, the abolitionists’ crusade took its form which advocated for the emancipation of slavery and the end of racial segregation and also discrimination. It is this goals that distinguished the abolitionists from political slavery opposition. During the days of the Great Revivals people dreamt of the glorious time of a nation which was without prostitution, liquor, atheism or popular politics. Revivalism had adverse effects on the ministry and this was an important opportunity to abolitionism as it had become a profession for the abolitionists. The youth also had a part to play as they were attracted to aid in the emancipation of slavery. This fact was evident when it was stated that the revolt of slavery emancipation was of youth raised by old New England families.
Abolitionists were from These families which had parents who were well learned and also participated actively in benevolent projects and revivalism. Abolitionists often pay their homage to their parents who were strong minded who dominated their families in various ways which included their religious beliefs. And because of this fact in the early years the abolitionist were marked with various qualities which included strong sense of individuality which meant that their beliefs and values could not easily be coaxed or influenced, they were passionate mostly about moral issues this is why they advocated for the end of racism and emancipation of slavery cause they understood that it was morally wrong and the abolitionist had belief and confidence that they had the power and ability to cause a shift from what the world was and improve it.

The young evangelicals’ powerful combination of the revivalist benevolence, Yankee conservatism, their New England upbringing influenced by the strong minded parents and the social unrest present led the young evangelicals towards radical vision that brought out the formation of a militant abolitionist movement that began in the early 1830s which was because of the religious revivalism which was famously known as the Second Great Awakening. The abolitionist thought of slavery as a result of an individual sin by revivalist tenets. And the tenets believed that the only price to pay for repentance was emancipation of slavery. Opposition of racism and emancipation of slavery mainly constituted of a dramatic approval and confession of ones Christian identity and commitment to the faith this was because abolitionists believed that racial discrimination and slavery was immoral and also illegal and they supported this idea with the two most significant laws of that time which included the Constitution and the Bible.

African American activist joined the campaign some include Wells Brown and Fredric Douglass However, after the revolt of Nat Turner, a black American slave in Virginia (1800-1831) who championed an effective, sustained slave rebellion in August 1831 in the United States history. This revolt spared a terror through the white south until weeks when he was discovered and hanged alongside his followers.

This action by Nat Turner set a shift of oppressive legislation which prohibited the movement, education, and assembly of slaves and also stiffened proslavery. This led to the rise of an atmosphere of crisis opened and attention was intensely focused on slavery and in that region the anti-abolitionist convictions persisted until the American Civil War. Evangelicals cast aside their self-doubt and got committed in eradicating the sin of slavery even as the frightening events took place. The actions of Nat Turner, David Walker and “Nullifiers”, suggested that the society’s degraded state was because of slavery.

To conclude, abolitionists main objective was to bring to an end racial discrimination, racial segregation and emancipation of slaves. After the American Revolution and the end of the civil war slaves were freed in numerous numbers in regard to the thirteenth Amendment which abolished slavery and involuntary servitude.