This paper studies the psychological aspects of language acquisition.

The paper explores the mental aspects of language acquisition, storage, production and comprehension. It begins with a definition of “psycholinguistics” and a clarification of terms. The paper then outlines the history of this field of study, looking at some of the personalities that influenced its development. Chomsky’s language acquisition theory is explained, other divergent theories are mentioned, and commonalities between the theories are discussed. The paper lists and explains the four main aspects of language acquisition and discusses the critical period in childhood for learning a language. The paper concludes by discussing the psycholinguistics’ relationship to reading and to writing.
“Psycholinguistics gives a comprehensive and viable understanding of human language development. The most famous psycholinguists theorist, Noam Chomsky, has argued convincingly that human children develop language abilities according to a predetermined universal deep structure or grammar. The psycholinguistic approach provides invaluable tools for teaching children to read, write, and speak.”