Every day the faithful of Islam perform ritual prayer

Every day the faithful of Islam perform ritual prayer (Salah) which is commanded upon all Muslims as one of the five Pillars of Islam. Salah is a precise worship and is performed five times a day between first light and sunrise, after the sun has passed the middle of the sky, between afternoon and sunset, between sunset and the last light of the day and between darkness and midnight. Prayers may take at least five minutes or longer and can be performed in any clean environment. A Muslims typical day begins with them washing themselves (wudu) and then prayer. The prayers involve recitations from the Quran in Arabic and a series of movements including standing, bowing, prostrating, and sitting. All recitations and movements express submission, humility and homage to Allah, with each individual posture capturing the spirit of submission (Islam) and words reminding the believer of their commitment to Allah. After the first prayer of the day, Muslims leave their mundane engagements to pray another four times that day, reminding themselves again of the purpose of life. Prayers strengthen faith and puts daily life into perspective with regards to life to come after death and last judgment. When Muslim’s pray they face Mecca, the holy city that houses the Kaaba, which is the ancient place of worship built by Abraham and his son Ishmael. The Muslim prayer ends with shahada then the greeting of peace “Peace be upon all of you and the mercy and blessings of God” is repeated twice. In many countries, the “Muezzin” chants the “call to prayer” (Adhan) from the minaret of the mosque which echoes out across the rooftops. Friday at noon is the most important prayer service of the week. The Friday Prayer must be performed in a congregation led by an Imam. It is not a day of rest but a rather a day of devotion and worship. The Imam delivers his service “khutba” in two parts, which is distinguished with a brief sitting of the Imam between the parts. The sermons finish with prayer led by the Imam called the “Fatiha” which is the short opening sura of the Quran “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment, thee (alone) we worship; thee (alone) we ask for help. Show us the straight path, the path of those whom Thou hast favoured; not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray” (Quran 1). After prayer, Muslims can resume their normal activities. Prayer is an obligation of faith and according to Islamic law prayer has conditions of observance and obligations. Prayer is a wilful Act that acknowledges the weakness and neediness of the person at prayer and requires full submission to the will of Allah.