English Second Language (ESL) Methodology

This paper discusses teaching strategies for English as a second language (ESL) in elementary schools.

This paper explains that the prospects of a student learning a new language are the most favorable while the student is in elementary school. The paper points out that assistance from the child?s home cannot be expected because the parents believe that it is the school’s job to teach the English language as part of the educational process. The paper contends that effective strategies, which bridge the communication gap, are those that engage the student in interactive processes, make connections between what is familiar to them in their home language and culture, and then assist them to assign the new language terms to the familiar objects.

Table of Contents
Strategies and Implementation
Retelling Cultural Lore in the New Language
Total Physical Response
Bilingual Immersion
TPR Projects and Homework
The most costly deliver method for ESL teaching, a bilingual immersion approach so performed by the teacher by teaching for half of the day in English and by teaching the other half of the day in the native language. This approach is not accomplished by giving all the classroom instruction in both languages, but rather delivering all communication for half of the day in one language, and all the communication in the class during the second half of the day in the second language.