Durkheim and Two Ideal Types of Solidarity

This paper discusses he two types of social solidarity described by Durkheim: mechanical bonds formed because like humans are drawn each other and organic bonds formed through natural differences in humans that leads to division of labor.

In discussing the bond of social solidarity, Durkheim indicates that there are two ideal types of solidarity, one mechanical and the other organic. The bond of solidarity is that which defines a society and its rules and regulations. The rules can be transgressed by the criminal precisely because solidarity exists and stands against, is directed at, and defines crime. Crime is defined by Durkheim as an act contrary to strong, well-defined states of common consciousness. He then indicates that it is possible to see what kind of solidarity the penal law symbolizes, and he says that it is clear that social cohesion exists when there is a certain conformity of each individual consciousness to a common type, the psychological type of society. Individuals in society are attracted to one another because they resemble one another, but they are also linked to the ….