Human organ trade
In the last century, technology developed rapidly and new technology brought so many benefits to humanity. Since then with the help of advanced innovation, medical term also changed dramatically. One of the significant success in medical term is organ transplantation. Combination of advanced new technology and talented surgeons made the organ transplant possible. Since then Thousands of patients whose are suffering from organ failure and came to the end stage of losing life, got the chance to survive. However, according to the research in 2010 US (Abby, 2011) from 90,000 people on the waiting list only 17,000 got the donor organ for the operation. It’s the same situation globally. The huge gap between the lack of available organs and incredible demands became a universal problem Abby (2011). Despite all the efforts the government undertook to fill up the gap the pressure is still beyond belief. That issue of organ shortage gave an opportunity to the traffickers to form the illegal organ market and harm the innocent poor people. This essay is going to discuss the cause of organ trade that how the misfortunate people got trapped in this crisis, and then will demonstrate how organ trade is affecting the organ receiver and donors finally will analyse some possible solution for this phenomenon.
Illiteracy and poverty are the main cause of organ trading. Permeant shortage of organ donation for patients and strict law about buying and selling the human organs in the first world country the organ recipients have been forced to choose the option of transplant tourism therefore it ended up by exploiting poor people in third world country (OFRA). Majority of the donor organ came from underdeveloped countries. According to the Charles, BBC correspondent, the small group of impoverished villages In Kathmandu the capital city of Nepal sold they kidney just for to buy the land or little bit cash to pay the debt. In addition, the price that they had agreed was shocking. Beside that there was no proper agreement between the donors and breakers therefore most of the donors ended up with no payment after operation. The other cause of organ trading is misleading the under sourced poor population with fake promise. Uneducated and desperate poor people are easy pray for the brokers. Reports from Tazeen (2009, pg. 1145-1157) indicates that brokers used very attractive way such as commercial with high promotion to trap the vendors. The same reports also mentioned that “most donors recruited by middlemen are 20-40 years old and either illiterate or with very low educational attainment.”
organ trading not only have negative effects on financially, psychologically and physically to organ receiver and paid donor but also it has gloomy effect on our society. One of the most harmful effects is on vendor’s health that linked to finance. Charles, BBC correspondent explained that donors who sold they vital organ they damaged they health also, lost job. Lack of essential treatment and regular check-up after the operation caused serious health problems. In most conditions, they even lost the ability to work. They became extra burden for they family. It follows that many vendors had experienced psychosomatic reactions and depression. Charles, BBC correspondent claimed that it’s unachievable to educate them to know the importance of protection for remain kidney as frequent health check-ups not affordable. Furthermore, on the other hand recipient health is also at the risk. Accordingly, most of the transplant surgeries are operated at the private for-profit hospitals. However most of them aren’t qualified standard safety and quality care. In addition, operation performed in not qualified facilities. For this reason, recipient and vendor always have high chance to have complications after the surgery. Tazeen (2009, pg. 1145-1157).
The last but most dark side of organ trading brought to our society is corruption.