Imagine hiking through the alps and suddenly you make the most important scientific discovery of the century? That became reality for a German couple, Helmut and Erika Simons, who were hiking in the Alps. The Iceman was discovered on the 19th of September 1991 by the Simons, who were hiking by the Austrian and Italian border. They had gone trail blazing for a short amount of time before Erika stumbled across a frozen corpse. At first, she thought it was a discarded toy or dead hiker, but it turned out to be an ancient mummy. That mummy is now known as Otzi the Iceman. The name Otzi, comes from the valley Otzhal that was north of his location. At first glance, there really wasn’t anything that special about Otzi. However, scientist were astonished by how well preserved he was. Otzi became known as the oldest, most prehistoric and well-preserved mummy in the world. After the discovery of Otzi, many questions began to arise but, the real question was, what else about him was significant? Many issues also came up some issues to be discussed include the ethical issues, scientific issues, and heritage issues. The discovery was overwhelming to the scientific community and everyone else in the world for that matter. At first there were many theories and speculations as to what might have happened to ice man in the last few moments of his life, theories on how old he was and who he was. From the time of discovery to the time of examination, a lot had happened to Otzi’s equipment, many people who had tried to rescue Otzi out of his icy grave, had just grabbed any nearby objects and dug at the ice, this caused a few of the artifacts to break, his 1.8 m long bow was broken, and the frame of his backpack was used as a back rest and was also damaged. After all the failed attempts to free Otzi, the Iceman was finally taken out of the ice by an air powered jackhammer. When Otzi was finally taken out he was transported to England, during transportation his arm was broken, by the time he had reached the lab Otzi had sustained two major injuries. The largest injury was sustained to his pelvic bone.