Fitness

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Fitness

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PHYSICAL FITNESS AND PROPER DIETING

In today??™s society, there has been a vast emergence of lifelong diseases which use the body as a host for their sustained existence of life. Therefore, it is the individual??™s duty to make sure that his or her body gets sufficient nutrients and physical activity. Physical activity is any bodily movement that causes the body to use up stored energy. A proper diet promotes a healthy lifestyle. It should consist of grains, vegetables, fruits, dairies and meats. Unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise have a negative impact on a person??™s self-esteem and general health; however, positively altering lifestyle practices will improve general health.

An individuals self ??“ esteem may be negatively influenced by his/her food intake and physical activities. The body??™s outer appearance can become distorted and obese due to incorrect eating patterns and exercise routines. Some unhealthy manifestations may occur in the form of obesity, anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge nervosa. Obesity is the accumulation of excess fat in the body.When someone becomes obese, uncomely bulges and flab??™s start appearing on various parts of the body. These flab??™s and bulges push the body out of its original shape and create an unsightly image. Individuals who are obese may in turn, possess very low self – esteem. This occurs because of the possibility of being ridiculed and scoffed at by the rest of the society not plagued with this unhealthy condition. Also, obesity can be manifested through binge nervosa which is a situation whereby persons over – eat in an attempt to suppress depression.

In addition, ones physical appearance can be affected by anorexia and bulimia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is a condition where a person consumes a very small portion of food if any. This portion lacks nutritional value to the body as it is insufficient. Contrastingly, bulimia nervosa is characterized by overeating until uncomfortable, then as a counteractive mechanism for such action, induce vomiting, taking water pills, diet pills and laxatives occur ( Berkow, Beers, & Fletcher , 1997). The two conditions discussed above both reflect low self-esteem practices. Sufferers of these conditions try aimlessly to please society and in turn obliterate their personal feelings. The general appearance of the body is very important and even more so in the adolescent years against adulthood. No one wants to be labeled as too fat or too skinny. When people adorn themselves they expect to look the best in what they wear, having the perfect body to compliment.

However, an individual who is emotionally trampled daily by society as being too fat or too skinny will eventually become withdraw because of their low self-esteem. According to Homeier, a person with low self ??“ esteem won??™t make friends easily, is less in control of his/her behaviour and does not enjoy life as much. These individuals are physically unfit and this prohibits them from enjoying life to its fullest. They are also unlikely to be involved in an intimate relationship or excel academically.

Furthermore, a person??™s general health is at risk because of his or her lifestyle practices. Unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise can impact on general health. Obesity can lead to several health risks such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension and heart attack.

Diabetes is a disease in which the blood glucose level is above normal. Some of the signs and symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst, frequent urination, irritability, blurred vision, itching and frequent vaginal infections. Most persons with diabetes tend to be affected by hypertension (S.Barnett, personal communication, June 21, 2007) (see appendix).

Over the years hypertension has been one of the leading chronic illnesses affecting both young and old. Hypertension (high blood pressure) is the elevation of the blood pressure. It is called the silent killer because it doesn??™t manifest symptoms for many years until a vital organ is damaged. According to Anderson (1962), ???blood pressure is just as important to the body as water pressure is to the hose???. Readings of 140/90 mm hg or more is considered high. Hypertension is among the leading risk factors of developing a heart attack.

???Heart attack is the leading cause of death in the United States and is a major cause of disability??? (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2007). Heart attack is caused by a blockage in a coronary artery. If the blood supply is cut off for more than a few minutes the tissue of the heart muscle begins to die. Some of the signs and symptoms of heart attack are discomfort or pain in the chest, upper body, jaw, back and shortness of breath.

An individual??™s wellness depends largely on one??™s diet and physical activities. Almost all chronic illnesses can be controlled by a healthy diet and daily exercise. Person??™s suffering from diabetes, hypertension and heart conditions can control these diseases by eating healthy. However, consulting a dietitian who will tailor a diet which consists of all essential nutrients needed for the body??™s optimal performance will result in successful dieting. It is the responsibility of the patients to maintain this diet. This would be easier if the patient become knowledgeable of the food requirement of the body and the relationship between the food intake and the energy expenditure.

Physical activities promote one??™s tolerance level and decrease the effects of diseases (Berkow, Beers, & Fletcher, 1997). Exercise is important in the body because it improves blood circulation, body image, reduce stress levels, expend energy level, provide diversion from eating and up lift one??™s well being. A person should find an exercise routine that can fit his/her lifestyle, regardless of how busy it is. Walking up the stairs at work is more beneficial to the body than taking the lift. Exercise is crucial to one??™s well being and should be encouraged.

In conclusion, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important because it could affect one??™s entire lifestyle. Adhering to a proper diet and physical exercise routine is vital in obtaining a healthy lifestyle.

Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that starts during pregnancy. If you have diabetes, your body isnt able to use the sugar (glucose) in your blood as well as it should, so the level of sugar in your blood becomes higher than normal.
Gestational diabetes affects between 1% to 3% of all pregnant women. It usually develops in the second trimester (sometimes as early as the 20th week of pregnancy). Most often, gestational diabetes goes away after the baby is born.

How can gestational diabetes affect me and my baby

High sugar levels in your blood can be unhealthy for both you and your baby. If the diabetes isnt treated, your baby may be more likely to have problems at birth. For example, your baby may have a low blood sugar level, jaundice, or your baby may weigh much more than normal. Gestational diabetes can also affect your health. For instance, if your baby is very large, you may have a more difficult delivery or you may need a cesarean section. Gestational diabetes also increases your risk of developing preeclampsia, which is a condition that can be serious if left untreated.

References

Anderson, C.R. (1962 – 1966). Modern Ways to Health (Vol.2, p.484). Tennessee:

Southern Publishing Association.

(This book talks about a number of diseases in the human body and it explains in

details stages each disease goes through.)

* Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2007). Heart Disease. Retrieved June 24, 2007, from http://www.cdc.gov/HeartDisease/
* (This article which was sourced online crucial to my research as it focused on the topic Heart Attack to a great extend.)
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* ???Globesity??? threatens Jamaica. (2004, July 08).
* Retrieved June 23, 2007, from
* http://www.jamaicaobserver.com/lifestyle/html/20040707t220000- 0500_62413_obs__globesity__threatens_jamaica.asp
* (This article which was sourced online was important to my research paper. It was about obesity in Jamaican and other around countries the world.)
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Homeier, B. P. (2006). Body Image and Self-Esteem. Retrieved June 22nd, 2007, from

http://www.KidHealth.org/teen/food_fitness/wellbeing_image.html

(This article was focus on the body image and its link to self esteem. How

important a person??™s body image is and the impact it has on them.)
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