Culture is the sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another. It consists of the languages, customs, beliefs, behaviors, rules, arts, knowledge, and other identities and memories created by members of all social groups that make their social environments meaningful. It is very different among different countries which is one of the beauties of the world. In some places, people follow only one culture. For example, Bhutan is a Buddhist country, and all people speak same languages. They wear the same dress. In other places, two distinct culture coexists in the same region. For example, India is a multicultural country. They have more than 100 different ethnics groups, and each group can speak different languages. Though, Hindi is their official language. To be culturally diverse is one of the uniqueness of the countries and the people. Also, it is one of the identifications for the individual. Likewise, Nepalese culture and American culture are similar in some ways but different in many ways including religions, languages, foods, beliefs, and customs.
Nepal is the multi-cultural, multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, and religiously diverse nation with all the religions being practiced since the ancient time. The state treats equally to all the religions and freedom of the religion is guaranteed by the Nepali constitution. In 2006, the King Gyanendra officially announced Nepal as a Hindu country. Hinduism is the majority religion in Nepal, while some ethnic groups practice Buddhism. Kiratism is the grassroots native religion of population belongs to Kirati ethnicity. Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, and Jainism are the religious identity of small communities. As per the 2011 census, 81.3 percent of the population was Hindu, 9.0 percent was Buddhist, 4.4 percent was Muslim, 3.0 percent was Kiratist, 1.4 percent was Christian, 0.2 percent was Sikhs, 0.1 percent was Jains, and 0.6 percent followed duel religion or no religion. The most significant concentration of Buddhism found in the eastern hills (Kathmandu valley), and the central Terai. Buddhism includes a group of Newar and Tibeto-Nepalese (Magar, Gurung, and Tamang), Whereas Hinduism includes Aryan communities.
Also, religion in the united states is characterized by a diversity of religious beliefs and practices. Various religious faiths have flourished within the United States. A majority of Americans report that religion plays a significant role in their lives, a proportion unique among developed countries. According to a 2017 study by Public Religion Research Institute, approximately 69 percent of the Americans are Christians, with 45 percent professing attendance at a variety of churches. And Catholic beliefs are roughly 20 percent. The same study says that non-Christian religion including Judaism, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Islam is about 7 percent of the population. During the 19th century, Buddhism is the first immigrants to entered the united states from East Asia. The first Buddhist temple was built in San Francisco in 1853 by Chinese Americans. Hinduism is the fourth largest faith in the United States representing approximately 1 percent of the population in 2017. The first time Hinduism entered the United States is not identifiable. However, significant groups of Hindus have immigrated from India and other Asian countries.
Language is the most essential and convenient way to express thoughts and share the feelings with each other. As I mentioned in above paragraph, Nepal is a multi-lingual country. According to the 2011 census, there were 123 languages spoken as mother tongue in Nepal. The Nepali language is spoken as mother tongue by 44.6 percent of the total population. Three-Quarters of the hundreds of languages belong to the Tibeto-Burman, language family. Which includes Nepali Bhasa (Newar) – the original language of Kathmandu, the Tamang, Magar, and various Rai and Limbu languages. However, the official and numerically most important language Nepali belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European family. So, Indic languages constitute 79 percent of the population to Tibeto-Burman’s 18 percent. Nepal also has several indigenous village sign languages includes Jhankot Sign Language, Jumla Sign Language, and Ghandruk Sign Language. Though the Nepali language is the official language of Nepal, there are as many as 126 listed languages spoken in Nepal. Out of these, three languages including Dura, Kusunda, and Walling have become extinct. Apart from Nepali, the other most commonly spoken languages Nepal are Newari, Awadhi, Hindi, Mundari, Limbu, Maithili, and Magar.
While in the United States, over 500 languages are spoken. The most commonly used language is English which is the national language of United States. The second most common language in the United States is Spanish. According to the U.S federal level, there is no official language in the United States. However, out of 50 states, 30 states have established English as the only official language; while Hawaii recognizes both English and Hawaiian as official languages, and Alaska has made some 20 native languages as official along with English. According to the 2009 census, the English spoken are 80 Percent, Other Indo-European languages spoken are 3.7 percent, and Asian languages are 3 percent. Moreover, English is the primary language used for the legislation, regulations, executive orders, treaties, federal courts rulings, and all other official pronouncements. American schools, public, as well as private, requires English classes at every grade level. Semesters of English composition are compulsory in virtually all-American colleges and universities to satisfy requirements for associate’s and bachelor’s degree. The world’s fifth largest Spanish-speaking population are in the United States. Approximately 35 million people speak Spanish in the United States.
Food is a fundamental human right, vital for good health and ultimately for life itself. Nepalese foods refer to the food eaten in Nepal. The country’s cultural and geographic diversity provides a variety of cuisines based on ethnicity and soil and climate. However, Dal-Bhat-Tarkari is eaten throughout the country. Dal is a soup made up of lentils, Bhat is a bowl of rice, and Tarkari is vegetable curry along with small amount of extremely spicy Chutney or pickle which can be fresh or fermented. Other accompaniments may be a slice of lemon with fresh green chili. Dhindo is a traditional food of Nepal. Much of the cuisine is a variation on Asian themes. Other foods have hybrids of Tibetan, Indian, and Thai origins. Momo is a Tibetan style dumplings with Nepalese spices. Momo is one of the most popular food in Nepal. Chow mein is a Nepali favorite in modern times based on Chinese-style stir-fried noodles. It is one of most favorite everyday staple lunch in Nepalese household today. In some seasons, there is an excess amount of fruits production. Alcohol, pickles, dried fruits and fruit juice can be made from these excess fruits. For beverages, Tea usually takes with milk and sugar twice a day (morning and evening). Alcoholic drinks include Raksi – spirits made in rustic distilleries, and Jard – homemade beer made from rice. At higher advance, there is millet beer Tongba and Chhaang.