Category : Articles
A study of the consent theory based books by John Locke and David Hume.
An analysis of the Consent Theory based on books by John Locke “A Letter Concerning Toleration” (1689) and David Hume “Of the Original Contract (1748). ” The author of the paper shows that the Lockean theory of consent and Hume’s idea of original contract are similar in that both believe the importance of the law, the recognition of who is the supreme ruler, and no property should be taken from someone without good and just cause. The paper ties the theory up with the question of law and obedience in the United States.
Locke believed in religious right but stood firm in that the laws of the magistrate should be obeyed. He believed that no one should take another person’s belongings should not be taken by others in regard to religious threats. However, Locke believed that if members of the society transgressed the laws, then the society “has power to remove any of its members who transgress the rules of its institution; but it cannot, by the accession of any new members, acquire any right of jurisdiction over those that are not joined with it.” He believed that if someone did not obey the law, then they should be removed from its society. If a person wants to come to the United States, then he/she should follow the laws of the country.