Category Archives: Articles

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Keep in mind when Holt is talking about his article

Category : Articles

Keep in mind when Holt is talking about his article, all of the examples that he is giving he is using elementary school. What Holt does is he goes through and he explains things to teach us to love reading that actually teach us to hate reading. The first thing he does is he says, “I never gave my students an opportunity to say what they really thought about a book.” So, Holt is saying that not having the opportunity to engage with the reading to give us feedback, to give us opinion when we are reading, can actually harm us. Then he goes on to talk about another thing is where when the instructor makes the student go down into the very nth degree. When we look at every single word and we are looking down to the teeny tiniest detail. Now sometimes, we have to do this. We have to be very specific, but we also have to understand the broad


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1

Category : Articles

1. Generally, sovereign states enjoy absolute jurisdiction within their territory. However, this might be restricted by diplomatic privileges granted under international law. . The 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations VCDR sets out the rules governing immunities and privileges of diplomatic missions. Because the convention is reflective of customary international law, Alpha and Beta are bound by the rules contained therein, even if they are not parties to it.

As part of the immunity conferred by the convention, Beta cannot arrest or detain Alpha’s ambassador . Furthermore, diplomatic immunity grants the ambassador immunity only from the local jurisdiction of Alpha, meaning that its domestic courts cannot prosecute him under any circumstances. The concept of diplomatic immunity does not mean that the ambassador can escape liability for violating Alpha’s domestic law as his diplomatic immunity does not absolve him from the jurisdiction of his own country.

Because the ambassador’s immunity continues from the moment he enters Alpha’s territory , Alpha’s jurisdiction can only be enforced against him after his period expires (practically, this situation does not occur) or his immunity is expressly waived by the sending state. Other remedial measures could be taken from Beta’s perspective. It has the power to request to recall him back or declare him as persona non grata which would result in terminating his diplomatic mission within Alpha.
Although the receiving state’s jurisdiction cannot be exercised over diplomats, the ambassador remains under a duty to respect the domestic law of Alpha.
Similarly, the premises of the embassy are not subject to Alpha local jurisdiction. Therefore, neither the paramedics nor any enforcement agents are permitted to enter the embassy without the ambassador’s consent. Consent must be express which indicates that it may not be inferred even in cases of emergency.
Arguably, the extensive nature of diplomatic privileges under the convention, results in many diplomats escaping consequences of their wrongdoings while serving abroad.
In conclusion, if Alpha arrested, prosecuted or entered Beta embassy contrary to the abovementioned provisions of VCDR, this shall raise Alpha’s responsibility under the Draft Articles on Responsibility of States for Internationally Wrongful Acts 2001.

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2. State responsibility arises out of the doctrine of states sovereignty. It implied that a state violating the rights of another state, becomes liable for compensating the injured state for damages. The principles covering state responsibility are codified in the Draft Articles , which are reflective of customary international law.

State obligation arises where a conduct or an omission, which constitutes a breach of an international obligation, is attributable to the state. The violation of the diplomatic mission premises constitutes a breach of article 22 (2) VCDR as well as customary international law. As a general rule, the conduct of private individuals is not considered an act of the state unless there is a link between the responsible state and those engaging in the unlawful act or that the state ‘acknowledges and adopts the conduct as its own’.

There is no evidence that Alpha exercised ‘a degree of control’ over the violent protesters acting within its territory. It cannot be said that the demonstrations ending with vandalising the embassy were performed as a part of an operation carried out under its instructions. Moreover, Alpha did not expressly approve the protesters actions. However, by the mere effective control exercised by Alpha over its territory, it is reasonable to conclude that it should have used measures appropriate to protecting the embassy premises following the escalated situation. Applying the ICJ finding in the Corfu Channel case, Alpha is in breach of its obligation ‘not to allow knowingly its territory to be used for acts contrary to the rights of other states’. While it is not directly participating in the commission of the unlawful act, its inaction amounts to a breach which may indicate that Alpha is to be considered a supporting state.
Once responsibility is established, this entails certain legal consequences on it. Alpha is under an obligation to “make full reparation” which could be in the form of compensation to cover the losses that occurred to the embassy premises as long as restitution is not appropriate because the damage to the embassy building did not render it valueless.
The states willingness to submit the dispute to the ICJ does not preclude them from considering other peaceful modes of settlement such as negotiations which remain the most common mean

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of settling disputes. Nevertheless, reaching an agreement through negotiations is not legally necessary.
Under article 38, paragraph (1) of the statute, judicial decisions are recognised as a source of international law.
While all the UN members are parties to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, this does not sufficiently form basis for submitting disputes to the ICJ. For the court to exercise its jurisdiction over this dispute arising out of the damages claim, it can rely on Alpha’s responsibility under the draft articles resulted by breaching the inviolability of the embassy premises under the Vienna Convention and customary law.

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3. Although liability for private acts remains with those involved in it, the unlawful acts may be considered an act of Alpha. The essence of this immutability is reflected in the statement given by State Alpha’s prime minister, which can be seen as an act of encouragement and recognition of the conduct. Despite Alpha’s failure to take sufficient measures to prevent the violence and its re-fusal to cooperate to bring them to an end, the approval to the incident by the PM transformed them into acts of the state’s authorities.
The prohibition of the threat or use of force has been a cornerstone of the modern international law. Besides being enshrined in Article 2 (4) UN Charter, it is an integral part of customary inter-national law and amounts to Jus Cogens. The Friendly Relations Declaration reinforces this by codifying states obligation to seek peaceful settlement for disputes in accordance with article 2 (3) and 33 (1) UN Charter. The lawfulness of the use of force by State Beta must be considered in light of the explicit exceptions provided by the Charter.
Pursuant to article 24 UN Charter, the Security Council is granted the ‘primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security’. Before adopting any measures, the SC makes a determination as to whether a threat of international peace and security exists, that would justify an action. In accordance with Article 2 (4), the SC initially takes non-force involving measures which could be in the form of diplomatic or economic sanctions to express ultimate dis-approval Alpha’s inappropriate conduct. These economic sanctions can be wide or limited to in their application. It is not legally required that the SC to adopts these measures in advance, how-ever, in practice it always has. Assuming that these measures have fallen short in achieving their objective as a result of a lack of unanimous participation in the measure, the SC may authorise the use of force and any UN member state can lawfully use force on behalf of it. Authorisation is subject to political considerations due to the possibility of invoking the right of “veto” by the per-manent member states.
Previous authorisation of the use of force by the Council was mostly on the basis of the existence of serious human rights violations or where the conflict involves a serious threat to the stability of

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the international community, such as Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait (1990). However, where the con-flict between State Alpha and Beta involves the use of military force which endangers internation-al peace, an action may be taken.
Because Article 51 expressly stipulates that the exercise of the right of self-defence is only confined to situations under which an armed attack occurs, the deployment of military force by Beta would be unlawful and therefore amounts to a serious breach under international law. Furthermore, there is no indication that Beta is confronted with an imminent threat of an armed attack, which implies that the use of force may be based on ‘protection of nationals.
PoN is a principle which refers to conducting military operations on the territory of a foreign state with the aim of rendering protection to the intervening state’s citizens who are placed in danger. This doctrine entails Beta’s intervention using its armed forces with the purpose of protecting their citizens who are being subject to threats and harassment in Alpha. Initially the doctrine previously existed due to the general permission of the use of force by states before the adoption of the UN Charter, which operates to restrain the use of force to limited situations. However, the doctrine is still contested.

Those in support of the legality of the doctrine invoke a number of potential legal bases. First, while some argue that it does not have an established legal basis because of the potential conflict between its application and the principle of state sovereignty, others contend that the protection of nationals in a foreign state does not fall foul of article 2 (4) since, in this case, Beta does not seek to intervene to undermine Alpha’s government control or to annex its territory. However, it is worth of a note that the ICJ in the Corfu Channel case rejected this wide interpretation of the Charter by the UK. In line with the ICJ finding, the author Rosalyn Higgins opines that the ‘use of force, no matter how brief, limited, or transitory do violate state’s territorial integrity’.

Proceeding to the second argument, it is generally accepted that the right of self-defence is comprised of the Charter as well as customary law. Authors who opine a broader interpretation of the Charter, make the proposition that the inclusion of the ‘inherent’ right of self-defence under article 51, preserves the pre-existing right under customary law which extends to the forcible protection of nationals abroad. Customary law is formed through uniformed state practice and opinion juris. State practice displays incidents where states have invoked PoN as a justification of the use of force such as the UK intervention in Libya to evacuate their nationals (2011) and the USA in Panama (1989). While, the US intervention in Panama was criticised by the international community, the UK’s rescue operation carried out in Libya was neither condemned nor criticised.
Nevertheless, the rescue operation of nationals carried out by Israel in Uganda (1976) remains the most notable example. Israel based its justification of the military intervention in Entebbe airport, by claiming the criteria under self-defence to be satisfied. Nevertheless, several states such as Sweden, France and the UK found it difficult for the doctrine to be constructed in consistence with
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the Charter, although, they recognised that the action was only taken for the exclusive purpose of rescuing nationals in danger. As a result of the lack of consensus, no resolution was adopted by the UNSC.
Worth mentioning that the US invocation of PoN in Panama was only criticised because it failed to satisfy the Caroline case criteria of necessity and proportionality. In this context, an analysis by the author Antonio Cassese provides some conditions that would render the applicability of the doctrine lawful. With regards to the notion of necessity, non-forcible initiatives might have been exhausted when the president of Beta invoked negotiations by inviting the prime minister of Alpha to address the issue. However, where it is evident that State Alpha is unwilling to take any protective measures itself, force may be the only alternative to address the situation. The military action has to be confined to only what is required to saving nationals.

Due to the scarcity of a consistent state practice which is insufficient to draw definite conclusions, it is difficult to answer with enough clarity precision whether State Beta’s military action for the purpose of protecting nationals abroad is legitimate. Furthermore, there is not sufficient evidence states belief in the lawfulness of the doctrine amounting to opinion Juris.


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Are you working with content

Category : Articles

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a

Category : Articles

a) When it comes to aims the school focuses on tomorrow, this way they can accentuate and make clear the setting of future goals. The school’s aim will state simply what it is that they want to accomplish and in what way the school will attempt to benefit the local community. The aims of the school are the expectations and standards that it will try to achieve, giving motivation and a frame of reference. Outlined in the aims of the school will be; those things that are important, the purpose of the school and what direction the teaching and learning will go in. Some examples of aims that the school might have are; creating an environment that is friendly, safe, comfortable and stimulating; developing pupils that will have respect for one another, that will take responsibility for what they have done and will grow to become good, upstanding people; developing outstanding working relationships between every person that is involved within the school.


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Over 3 million students

Category : Articles

Over 3 million students, teachers, and other professionals all over the world Trust our free plagiarism checker. It is the biggest plagiarism detection platform which can upload many types of documents (PDF, doc, docx, txt and plain texts), check them for authenticity, and save and download reports with the results percentages. Our basic plagiarism checker is free to use, or use our PRO checker for even more features. Try it today!Over 3 million students, teachers, and other professionals all over the world Trust our free plagiarism checker. It is the biggest plagiarism detection platform which can upload many types of documents (PDF, doc, docx, txt and plain texts), check them for authenticity, and save and download reports with the results percentages. Our basic plagiarism checker is free to use, or use our PRO checker for even more features. Try it today!Over 3 million students, teachers, and other professionals all over the world Trust our free plagiarism checker. It is the biggest plagiarism detection platform which can upload many types of documents (PDF, doc, docx, txt and plain texts), check them for authenticity, and save and download reports with the results percentages. Our basic plagiarism checker is free to use, or use our PRO checker for even more features. Try it today!


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In both projects that you will work on

Category : Articles

In both projects that you will work on, you will use the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Drosophila is widely employed in laboratory studies in the field of genetic (see video A fly in New York posted on Moodle). In the first part of the semester you will characterize mutant flies with altered mitochondrial function. During the second part of the course you will develop your own research project. You will design, execute and evaluate your own experiments. For the class to be successful and fun for you, you will need to be organized, efficient, and aware of what you are doing at all times.


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AirAsia Berhad is part of the AirAsia Group

Category : Articles

AirAsia Berhad is part of the AirAsia Group, is a Malaysian airline, world-famous low cost airline that operates extensive networks both domestically and internationally. AirAsia pioneered low cost airfares in Asia and is now currently the largest low fare, no-frills airline in Asia and one of the largest airlines in all of Asia in terms of passengers carried. The airlines claims ‘No Admin Fee’, but has some fees for services which are free on other airlines. Its slogan “Now Everyone Can Fly” highlights its low cost carrier strategy it employs. In 2009 and 2010, AirAsia has been voted the World’s Best Low Cost Airline. Currently, AirAsia Berhad is based in the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT), Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Sepang. Its associate airline – AirAsiaX, is also located at the LCCT and shares operational facilities with AirAsia Berhad.
AirAsia was established in 1993 and started under one of the subsidiary for government-owned company, DRB Hicom. In 2001 the airlines are deep in debt and Tun Dr. Mahathir took the opportunity to off load debt laden Air Asia to Tony Fernandez. Through Tune Airways Sdn. Bhd, Tony Fernandez bought over AirAsia with a token sum of RM1 and a partial debt of 40million.
Under the leadership of Tony Fernandes, the airline was flying high in 2002 and launched its new route the same year. A second hub was open in 2003 at Senai International Airport, Johor Bahru. Main operations of AirAsia remained in Malaysia but it had shareholding interests in Thailand through Thai AirAsia and in PT AWAir .
The company operated from four hubs, which the first hubs, Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA), Senai, Don Muang Airport (DMA), near Bangkok, Thailand and Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, near Jakarta, Indonesia. After that, the only place AirAsia was heading for is up, as the Thai and Indonesian subsidiaries were set up as well as the commencement of flights to Indonesia, Macau, China, Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia in 2005. AirAsia now flies to all ASEAN countries, a great portion of Asian countries that include India, Iran, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh; as well as to the United Kingdom, France, Japan, Korea and Australia via AirAsiaX. In 2011, AirAsia are setting up another hub in the Philippines and are well on the way in setting up other similar operations elsewhere in the region soon after.
Low-cost air travel was not a new phenomenon and as the name suggests, it was run on the principle of minimizing the costs of operations and maximizing sales revenues. The product proposition that low-cost carriers offered to customers was ‘value’, by delivering basic product functionality, that is, a cost effective means of transport to keep operating costs low and it may have used high technology and costly equipment. Air Asia also tries to keep the cost low by recruiting only numbers of workers needed and selecting only capable and hard workers, so each worker will have works to do and the company does not have to pay workers who do not work efficiently.

Micro Environment
Micro-environment can be the internal environment that contributes to the company’s success. Internal factors are includes the organization’s culture. One of the micro-environment of AirAsia is its employees’ welfares. AirAsia create a diverse, positive, respectful and fun working environment for people of all backgrounds. AirAsia promote and recognise their people based on talent and performance, work hard to create a common vision and sense of purpose amongst all fellow employees of AirAsia.
AirAsia’s mission is to be the best employer, create a globally recognised ASEAN brand, to be the lowest cost budget airline and to maintain the highest quality service by embracing technology. It is the company’s aim to works as a family between employers and employees where they treat each other with trust and respect. Fernandez is a strong believer in leading by example. He is often seen working alongside his team as a crew member or baggage handler. This allows him to get to know his staff better and to listen to customers’ feedback. He insists on a cooperative corporate culture. For example, he encourages pilots to cook breakfast for engineers each quarter to thank them for looking after their aircraft. As CEO, Fernandez ensures that he is accessible to all his staff by giving them his mobile telephone number.
Although it has limited resources, AirAsia has been able to fulfil its customer’s needs by collaborating with partners. For instance, AirAsia appoints authorized travel agents to cater to travellers who are uncomfortable with making their bookings over the internet. Travellers without credit cards can also pay for their tickets by cash at any Alliance bank branch in Malaysia.
Low cost carrier such as AirAsia also forming alliances with other low cost carriers to lower operating costs. For instance, AirAsia and JetStar have been working together since 2010 in areas such as procuring of aircrafts and inventories.
The corporate culture of the company is mainly base upon maximizing the value of shareholders. It also mainly believes in giving safety to the customers and believes in giving maximum satisfaction to the customers with leaders in the cost structure.
Competitors are also one of the micro-environment for AirAsia. AirAsia was the first low-cost carrier in South-east Asia. In Malaysia, MAS (Malaysian Airline System, the national airline of Malaysia) was AirAsia’s main competitor. In 2001, the domestic market was dominated by its rival Malaysia Airline System (MAS), whose high prices created a pent-up demand for low-cost air travel. AirAsia’s offer of 60% savings compared to MAS prices truly reflected the company’s promise to its customers, “Now Everyone Can Fly”.
To survive the intense competition in the airline industry, AirAsia must adopt the latest technology. The use of advanced aircraft technology results in lower fuel consumption. The role of information technology (IT) was another important factor involved with the successful AirAsia. The current objectives and strategies of the corporation regarding IT is to advertise its features and services, add the services and products to the catalog and solve various issues regarding the customer care with direct interaction with them. Many of the value added services are handled by IT by providing the travellers with the interface for online booking, internet check-in service, cancellation, etc. AirAsia also maximize their IT to improve their marketing performance. The company implemented current IT such as yield management system (YMS), computer reservation system (CRS), and enterprise resource planning (ERP) system.

Macro Environment
The macro-environment of the company are includes political, economy, natural factors, and social/demographic environment. For economy, the airline launched during a turbulent period when people were hesitant to travel due to the aftermath of the 2001 terrorist attacks. People concerned about long-distance travel started to look for holidays in nearby countries. The timing worked to the advantage of AirAsia when it started to fly regional routes. Asians were enjoying the benefits of rising incomes and good economic growth and although many could not afford long-distance holidays, they were open to the idea of travelling to nearby countries. Furthermore, the global financial crisis in mid-2008 affected many industries, including the aviation industry. Fewer business and leisure travellers were flying due to the economic recession. This became opportunity for low cost carrier such as AirAsia to grow their market share.
Natural factor such as oil could also influence the marketing strategies. Increasing level of fuel price has presented one of the biggest challenges to Airlines. AirAsia was quick to adapt to this by introducing cost cutting measures in other section and also purchase newer aircrafts which are more fuel efficient. Although, rising fuel prices and landing charges are putting pressure on AirAsia’s ability to keep costs low, therefore threatening the low cost quality flight balance. To combat this, AirAsia are employing fuel hedging and fuel surcharges, and are using fuel-efficient aircrafts. Using secondary airports also helps to reduce landing charges.
The political condition of Malaysia had also been in favour of the corporation as its acquisition was highly welcomed by the Malaysian government and there had no conflict between the corporation and the governance of the nation till now. Over the year, AirAsia has noticeably boosted tourism in Malaysia and has helped transform KLIA into a major air travel hub . Hence, the Malaysian government offers many incentives to AirAsia in term of landing rights, lowering passengers’ service charges, tax benefits and exemptions . This not only allows them to offer lower fares to further boost the country’s revenue, but also helps to increase AirAsia’s net income after tax. Air travel in Asia is heavily regulated, but Tony Fernandez has played a crucial role in lobbying for its deregulation. In mid-2002, Fernandez engaged the support of the fourth prime minister of Malaysia, Tun Dr. Mahathir, to network with neighbouring countries in effort to develop an open-skies agreement. Since then, Indonesia, India, Thailand, and Singapore have granted landing rights to AirAsia.
Demographic factors also play an important role in forecasting demand. The factors match customer expectations in regard to value-add service offerings. The huge population with rise in middle class and a lot of disposable income together with the absence of affordable forms of transportation post a high demand for AirAsia as a low cost airline. It is also anticipated that due to the rapid urbanization trends the air travel market will continue to grow at a fast pace. The geographical structure of Asia which is archipelago will also contribute to the air transport. For instance, between East and West Malaysia there is no other alternative mode of transport other than by air.

Evaluation of micro and macro environment.
AirAsia has succeeded in becoming one of the world’s best low-cost airlines. Which means that the environment surrounds the company plays an important part to success of the company. Like any other business, the airline industry is impacted by changes in its external and internal environment, which includes AirAsia. The current marketing objectives of the corporation are to get maximum number of customers of all types by making such schemes in which everyone can be accommodated.
The micro environment such as corporate culture plays an important role to create good working place which will influence the marketing performance of the company. AirAsia is very much compatible with the employees and their diversities as it is providing satisfaction to all of its employees and shareholders. A good working environment will make the organizations runs smoothly because the employees came to love their works which will affect the way they work.
The technological advancements in the fields of Information Technology and Communications have led the value-added services of the corporation to work effectively. By maximize their IT, AirAsia can reduce the cost and eliminates the middleman and the sales commission to pay them. Furthermore, e-commerce and e-business are increasing most commercial companies’ success rate. For example, AirAsia is increasing the use of IT management in purchasing ticket on-line, select seating and ordering special in-flights menu’s straight from the Internet. Plus, the systems are very customer friendly because the entire customer can buy or make a ticket reservation via online. Meaning, the system can achieved the lowest cost for its effectiveness and efficiency. The technological advancements in the field of IT and communication have led the value-added services of the corporation to work effectively. The corporation can further go ahead with more effective use of IT.
There are some important external factors that AirAsia should consider which are the government policies and the relationships with the government, other macro-environment such as economy, political and society environments plays an important role to the company. The economy of Malaysia is a newly industrialized and state-oriented economy that plays a significant role in the success of AirAsia.
Whereas the socio-cultural where the hospitality of the people with their own diversity in foods, clothes, cultures and diversities with such scenic beauty has always made Malaysia as a tourists spots and attraction for people from all over the world that has again proved to be the benefitting factors for the company. This improves the marketing performance of the company.
Capitalizing on its success, AirAsia has started to introduce other offerings based on the low-cost business model. For example, AirAsia X, an associate company of AirAsia, was launched in 2007 to offer long-haul budget travel to destinations that are between four and eight hours from Kuala Lumpur, AirAsia X complements AirAsia’s current route network.

Summary
The competition among airplane industries is very tough. Each of LCCs companies in the world is trying to conduct some strategies to compete with another competitor in their industry. To compete with their competitor in the business environment, a company needs to make a strategy to achieve their long terms objective and can be successful for doing their business, same goes to AirAsia. The business model of AirAsia is well established and fairly ideal for other industries as well. With the perfectly set goals, mission and listed strategy ensures the well function of the corporation. Foundation of the corporation is based upon low cost, efficiency, stimulation of new markets and strong cash flow. Strategies highlight the concepts of simplicity, quality services at low cost, etc. And the vision is to continue to be lowest cost in the market.As the first airline to introduce the budget, no-frills airline concept, AirAsia need to maintain the business and keep the competition under control. With that being said, AirAsia has succeeded in becoming one of the world’s best low-cost airlines. AirAsia achieved all of these because the strong management that is smart in exploiting the micro and macro environment around them. That is why identifying the micro and macro environment that surrounds a business environment are crucial to a company. There a several important micro-environment for AirAsia to focus on which is the corporate culture that central to their employees’ welfares, their partners and alliances, their competitors and the information technology. The proper use of available manpower, avoiding confrontation among them for maximizing the proper functioning capability of the corporation are one the fundamental factors of the corporation along with the efficient use of the resources like Information Technology. Based on the macro-environment of the company which includes economy, political, social/demographic and natural factors, the current mission and objectives of the company can be justified. All of these factors are impacting the company’ marketing performances which quite outstanding in the Asian region. With the right partners and a strong marketing strategy focusing on the promise of low fares and good brand experience, AirAsia has evolved from an ailing company into one that netted a profit of $14.4 million by its third year of operation. The low-cost business model seems to have worked well for AirAsia. The challenge remains for the company to continue to maintain the balance between cost and profitability.


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In ” Born a Crime” by Trevor Noah

Category : Articles

In ” Born a Crime” by Trevor Noah, the author’s recollects his childhood growing up in South Africa. He describes his complicated relationship with his tough-loving mother, who escaped her own childhood because of her determination to live life on her own she will often break the rules and was very rebellious, she also had an attitude that her son inherited. The Trevor describes her powerful religious side, her faith in God and Jesus, a faith that her son consistently challenged. His experience of being mixed-race also affected his childhood, his mother was colored, his father was white, Trevor was born at a time when two people from different races could be charged with a crime if they were caught having an intimate relationship. For example on the film “loving” it explains how a couple in Central Point, (a small town in Virginia) where the loving’s were making their home and starting a family, they were first jailed and then banished. Richard and Mildred relocated with their children to the inner city of Washington, D.C., but the family fought their way back to Virginia. This relates to “Born in a Crime” because Trevor says he was kept indoors for much of his childhood or he could have been taken away from his mother and father, but most likely his mother could have been imprisoned because she was colored.
The book also focuses on the author’s experiences when he was an adolescent. That was the time period when he was discovering the difficulties of having relationships with young women, he was also discovering more about the dangers of being mixed race. He noted a experience in which he and a colored friend were witnessed committing an act of “petty theft”, a situation in which his friend suffered serious consequences, but he didn’t because of his complexion.
Finally the author writes in detail about his relationship with his mother’s husband Abel. He describes how his mother being assaulted; all these events led to his mother staying in the relationship and Trevor moving out; these chains of events led to his mother being shot by Abel. his mother survived the shooting his mother’s belief that her life was saved because of her faith in Jesus. Overall ” born in a crime” is a story of growing up in South Africa under apartheid, which is an important theme throughout the book in south Africa was a social, political, and cultural system of favoring whites over colored. Trevor Noah also wanted to show how he didn’t have to grow up paying “black tax”, he wanted to show the world that he is free to go anywhere, do anything, and be anyone he wanted to be.


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If I were a police administrator I would definitely like to incorporate community policing and problem-oriented policing

Category : Articles

If I were a police administrator I would definitely like to incorporate community policing and problem-oriented policing. As I would want to gather what the members of our community would need and would want to see in order to create a secure environment. In our textbook it states “Community policing builds solid relations between the police and the public” and “Problem-orientated policing is a proactive crime-fighting strategy” (Regoli, Hewitt, and Kosloski 2018). Being involved with your community and getting to know those individuals will build trust toward one another in which it can help both police and the community to engage, participate to fight crime together and develop strategies to avert crime.


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Trek Bikes is a company made up of people who are committed to changing lives through cycling that seek to improve the riding experience worldwide through innovative products

Category : Articles

Trek Bikes is a company made up of people who are committed to changing lives through cycling that seek to improve the riding experience worldwide through innovative products, dynamic partnerships, bicycle friendly development, and exceptional dealer and customer care. Trek’s Advanced Component Group (ACG) is dedicated to the pursuit of design and technology transfer. From the trace of the track outside the factory trek to the wind tunnel in San Diego, ACG is out there to test and develop new products. This team create and enhance OCLV carbon frame that makes a stronger and lighter in order to maintain high performance and handling conflict. Alpha Aluminum, classic frame material has been formed into the shape of a tube hydro sophisticated with optimum grain profiles for maximum strength and minimum weight. Proof of concept invented a superior form has been realized with the Trek Madone Trek Road Bike – a mix of really smooth maximum structural efficiency, optimum comforts and complete ride experience. Compared with it everything is history. In addition, the tracks are dedicated to the better good as evidenced by their partnership with organizations such as Bikes Belong and Bicycle Around the Community. Excitement of them for the bike industry cannot be seen as Trek actively promoting new regulations such as the laws of the CPSC.