Category Archives: Articles

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The three researchers employ quasi-experimental and inteview method

Category : Articles

The three researchers employ quasi-experimental and inteview method. The data of this study are organized and presented step by step using SPSS version 18.
First, they take the OPT test result (table 1) then they chose 50 of them to take a quasi-experimental study. After that, they take and compare 12 table. At the end, the questions inteview was run to compare the mean scores of ech questions. Following this way, the researchers examine each result of each question then compare total result.
It has been analyzed that the Pakistani ESL learners at the National college suffer from communicative anxiety and fear of negative evaluation which hampers their classroom speaking skills. The students suffer anxiety from different dimensions which are: 75% learners do not feel comfortable while expressing in English, 80% learners remain conscious about the consequences of failing to express in English, 85% learners get nervous while responding to questions, 65% learners feel anxious when they are asked to explain something in English, 84% learners bother to volunteer answers in the classroom and remain conscious of making mistakes while speaking. But, it is important to notice that 50% learners do not worry about classroom speaking if they prepare themselves in advance. After computations, they concluded that Speaking-Anxiety among ESL Intermediate Pakistani Learners is highly correlated with breadth of vocabulary knowledge and reading skill, teachers, environment, motivation, prepared,…
The study of Ganschow and Sparks (1994) revealed that the majority of the learners who suffer from high levels of foreign language anxiety found their language course difficult, whereas the learners with low levels of anxiety found the language course relatively easy (Onwuegbuzie, Bailey, & Daley, Factors associated with foreign language anxiety, 1999).


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This semester has been a rough

Category : Articles

This semester has been a rough, especially with this 8-week English class course. However, I enjoyed learning in this class, I have come to learn how important it is to properly present his or her self through writing and how communication is important to achieve my goals. In this paper, I will talk about how this course had taught me to write appropriate papers for upcoming future classes, communicating with my peers and learning my strengths and weaknesses when it comes to writing. During this term, there was a small amount of time to finish papers, but the way this class was structured I liked how we could have a couple of days to go over our rough with our peers before submitting it online. I realized my ability to manage time was a challenge when submitting assignments, I would turn in my work late and it would cause more work to pile up for my next assignments. In the future, I will have to manage my time wisely, not over work myself and organize my work accordingly.
Through this course, I tried not to miss any class hours, and so far, I have only missed one class period and honestly, I’m quite surprised with my attendance. I can’t say the same for my homework attendance because, I would often get overwhelmed with school and work. I would just put school on the side and do other things that I enjoyed, to push work out of my mind. Despite that, as I had mentioned earlier during class I found that peer review helped a lot because of the feedback from my peers, it really helped me improve my essays, they saw and gave me advise in things that I wouldn’t have seen.
I have come to learn that writing was never my strongest point, but I have come to recognizes ways to improve and it starts with organizing my schedule and improving my determination when it comes to work. Some advice that I would give to other is, take your time in learning to improve your assignments, plan your time wisely in your school and social life for example getting a planner or stating assignments early but, most of all don’t stress. There are people around you that can offer help, communicate with others on assignments and try out new ways to improve your weakness.


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Coke main competitor is Pepsi Co

Category : Articles

Coke main competitor is Pepsi Co .both brand represent the most heated ennemies in the beverage business .there is others competitors ,but none of them have successfully penetrated in the market like Coke and Pepsi Co .
The competition between the two brand consist on the creation of new variants of carbonated drinks and non-carbonated drinks and increasing revenue and market share .Both of them have similar strentghs and weaknesses .But the problem is that Coke focuses almost exclusively in beverage product while Pepsi don’t concentrat all its resources on one specefic product ,it operates also in non-beverage category such as oats and chips which creat more opportunity for pepsi Co to takes sales advantages of resulting synergy among various products .


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The Qur’an is very important to Muslims as it is their Holy Book

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The Qur’an is very important to Muslims as it is their Holy Book. They believe that it teaches them how to live righteously so they can gain a happy life.
Muslims show their greatest respect to the Qur’an
The Qur’an is treated with immense respect by Muslims because it is the sacred word of Allah. While the Qur’an is being read out loud, Muslims refrain from speaking, eating drinking, and smoking or making disturbing noises.
Muslims count the Qur’an as the most important book. Some put it on the top of their bookshelf above their other books to show its importance according to Muslim belief and Islamic scholarly accounts, the revelation of the Quran began in 610 C.E. when the angel Gabriel (Jibr?l ) appeared to Muhammad in the cave called Hira near Mecca, Angel Gabriel told him the Sura Iqra.


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Currently there are a few different quantities of choices for Chipotle show in the market

Category : Articles

Currently there are a few different quantities of choices for Chipotle show in the market, in any case it does not imply that if the market is inundated, new players will not enter. So there is a plausibility of new participants in this industry considering the cost expected to build up such business is not high and it is not troublesome for brands to infiltrate into the market. Brands like Chipotle will have preference over these new contestants in light of the sort of unwaveringness and brand image Altogether for new contestants to achieve that position it will take them some time. Although less barriers to entry in this market the threat of new competitors on Chipotle is still moderate.


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1

Category : Articles

1.1 Self Compacting Concrete (SCC)
Self compacting concrete is a self consolidating concrete defined as a Concrete which is able to flow under its self weight and to fill the formwork in complete, even in the presence of huge reinforcement, without using any vibration actions, whilst maintaining homogeneity. It was originally first developed in Japan, to overcome the problems caused by lack of complete and uniform compaction through vibrators. Self-compacting concrete is not affected by the shape and quantum of reinforcing bars or the enatchment of a structure and, due to its high-property of flowing easily a changeable quality and resistance to segregation it can be long distances (Bartos, 2000).
The Professor Hajime Okamura (1997) was the concept of self compacting concrete can be proposed in 1986, but the prototype was first developed in 1988 in Japan, by professor Ozawa (1989) at the University of Tokyo. This concrete was developed at that time to improvement the durability characteristics of concrete structures.
However, the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) has not brought out a standard mix procedure although number of agencies and researchers carried out extensive investigations to establish rational mix design procedures and self compactibility testing methods. Since then different research works have been carried out and SCC has been used in practical structures in Japan, mainly by large companies. Investigations for establishing a rational-mix design method and self compactibility testing methods have been carried out from the viewpoint of making a standard concrete. When the Self Compacting Concrete is cast, so there is no additional inner or outer vibration is necessary for the compaction. It flows like a “honey” and as a very smooth surface level after placing of the SCC. With this quantify to its mistura, this concrete consisting using of materials like in conventionally vibrated concrete, which are cement , aggregates and water , with the adding of mineral and chemical admixtures in same as the another proportions. Usually, the chemical admixtures are used for the high-range of water reducers (Super Plasticizer) and Viscosity Modifying Agents, which change the rheological properties of concrete. Mineral admixtures are used as an extra fine material besides cement, and some cases, they replace cement. In this study cement content was partially replaced with mineral admixture is used, i.e., fly ash. Admixtures that are improves the flowing and strengthening properties of concrete.


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Point 1- One of the first budgeting systems created was Traditional budgeting

Category : Articles

Point 1- One of the first budgeting systems created was Traditional budgeting, it is still a system which is used frequently by many businesses across the world on a daily basis. One of the biggest reasons it’s still a popular method is due to the framework of control. It allows businesses to easily manage financial activities, having a budget in a medium or large business allows them to build a focus and to maintain control of the outgoings and incomes into the company.
Point 2 – Guidance, as a business there are always set guideline on how to achieve certain financial targets and goals over set periods of time, having a traditional budgeting system in place provides the company with the guidance needed to drive the organisation towards success,


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Mali During the 11th century

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Mali During the 11th century, the Almoravids, a Muslim group from northern Africa, conquered Ghana. By the 13th century, a new empire, called Mali, dominated West Africa. The empire began with Mande-speaking people south of Ghana, but it grew to be larger, more powerful, and richer than Ghana had been. Mali too based its wealth on gold. New deposits were found east of the Niger River, and African gold became a basic commodity in long-distance trade. Mali’s first great leader was Sundiata, whose life inspired an epic poem The Legend of Sundiata – that was passed down from one generation to the next. He defeated kingdoms around Mali and also proved to be an effective administrator. Perhaps even more famous was Mansa Musa, a 14th-century ruler. He is best known for giving away so much gold as he traveled from Mali to Mecca for the hajj that he set off a major round of inflation, seriously affecting economies all along the long-distance trade routes. Mali’s capital city, Timbuktu, became a world center of trade, education, and sophistication.

Starting around 1000, Europe showed signs of resurgents,because of the results of the Christian Crusades that put Europeans in touch with more cultures to the east through the long-distance trade routes. Before 1300 Europe was populated by serfs, or peasants tied to lands owned by respect , living in rural areas relatively isolated from others. No large cities existed yet, like the metropolises in China, the Middle East, and northern Africa. Many demographic changes took place that altered life in Europe: The Agricultural Largely through contacts with others, Europeans learned and adapted agricultural techniques and inventions that greatly increased their crop production. They perfected the three-field system, in which they rotated crops, allowing a field to remain every third year. They also used iron plows much better suited to the heavy soils of northern and western Europe. Watermills, horses, and horse harnesses all in use in other areas of the world contributed to farming efficiency. Population increases – With the increase in crop production came population growth, with more hands available to expand agriculture.


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I would now like to discuss the feelings and thoughts I experienced at the time

Category : Articles

I would now like to discuss the feelings and thoughts I experienced at the time. Before I gave Mrs R. her cup of tea, I approached her in a friendly manner and introduced myself; I tried to establish a good rapport with her because I wanted her to feel comfortable with me even though I was not a relative or family member. When I first asked Mrs R. if I could get her a cup of tea, she looked at me and replied, “I have asked the girl for a cup of tea, I don’t know where she is.” I answered “Well, I will see where she is and if I cannot find her, I will gladly get one for you Mrs R”. In doing this, I demonstrated emphatic listening. According to Wold (2004, p 13), emphatic listening is about the willingness to understand the other person, not just judging by appearance


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Roughly

Category : Articles

Roughly, every human who grew up in the world with a sibling can advocate that there is no stopping sibling rivalry. Humans are born with the natural instinct to create and resolve conflicts, resulting in tension between siblings. There are numerous reasons for the occurence of sibling rivalries. Most cases revolve around jealousy and the need for attention. The will to be unique, along with constant jealousy and attention seeking creates the sibling rivalry. Everyday actions and the way the family acts also influence the behavior of the children toward each other. With every cause, comes an effect and with sibling rivalry, there are positive and negative effects. Fortunately, the results are typically positive and positive relationships emerge, but there are certain cases where negative results show. There is no avoiding the rivalry and parents may do their best to pull the root of the problem but in the end, the rivalry and struggle are often worth the positive relationship.
“I wish I was an only child”. “Why does my younger sister get more freedom then I do”, or even more aggressive statements like “My older brother is being such an asshole today” are all phrases that can be heard from the mouth of a child with one or more siblings. Any person who grew up with a sibling, I am sure can attest to the fact that sibling conflict or rivalry is a large part of a sibling’s relationship. The tension and physical or emotional conflict are inevitable for several reasons. The jealousy, uniqueness, attention factor, and family life are all aspects that contribute to sibling rivalry, and with every cause, there is an effect. The continuous sibling rivalry produces positive benefits, positive relationships, and a unique life. The negative outcomes are bad relationships or underachievement in life.
Children are competitive beings and focus, primarily, on equality and the actions of their brothers and sisters. The causes are impossible to prevent, however, sibling rivalry is not always a bad thing. The instinctive, competitive factor often gives children with sibling rivalries an edge, if used correctly. Saying this, siblings battle head to head or through their parents as a sign of jealousy, inattentiveness, or just pure nature.
Jealousy is the driving factor in almost all mental conflicts that occur in the household. Often, a child believes that his or her brother or sister is better, smarter, funnier, more driven, or will have more overall success in life and that causes tension in a child’s mind. One child may be looked at as the “golden child” and the idea of having a sibling who outshines him or her as an individual trigger the competitive nature, thus resolving in some form of conflict, such as physical encounters.
Along with jealousy is attention. Attention comes into play from the aspect of how the child feels the parent treats him or her in a relation to the siblings. Often, a parent, whether they mean to or not, gives more attention to one child than another. This can be seen in a situation where a three or four-year-old is dissatisfied with an upcoming baby because the young child is receiving less attention. The quote, “Why does my younger sister get more freedom then I do” is an example of how children feel less attention and that sense of less attention causes aggravation. Loss of attention can also lead to a child’s attempt to gain attention, such as starting a fight with another sibling or teasing.
“Each child is competing to define who they are, they try to find their own talents, activities, and interest. They want to show that they are unique” (Boyse 2014). This quote exemplifies another factor of sibling rivalry, individuality or uniqueness. It is part of a way to stand out. All siblings want to be different in their own way whether it is playing a different sport or living a separate lifestyle. Several families contain an athlete, a scholar, or maybe a socializer. Point is, siblings, develop their own expertise to stand out and this competition creates tension and conflicts between siblings.
The dynamics of the family household are influencing factors on the behavior of children. If the children become bored, stressed, hungry, irritated, etc. then their natural will to tease and stir up fights will increase. Also, the behavior of their role models affects their ability to resolve fights. If parents of children yell a lot or a family member they see a lot of yells or supports physical behavior then fighting will occur more frequently.
Sibling rivalry is within just about every household that contains two or more children and the degree of which the rivalry occurs may be a positive influence or a negative one. Childhood is the building blocks of life and it is the time when personality and character development, which makes the effects of sibling rivalry that much more important. Child rivalries are most relevant when the siblings are close in age. As children, the minds of siblings are premature and their actions demonstrate the fact. However, once their mind matures, siblings often bond off of their childish relationships and the many fights that occurred in their childhood.
The positive influences of sibling rivalry are individuality and positive relationships. The constant bickering and battling tend to ease as siblings grow up and they begin to appreciate each other more and more likely than not, a positive relationship evolves. Also, with the several years of rivalry comes the skill to deal and cooperate with other points of view or personality, which can be vital in certain aspects of life. Aside from a positive relationship, it enables children in a family to explore different areas of expertise. One may grow up and be an outdoorsy type, while the other is a city dweller that loves working or even an author.
Unfortunately, to every positive, there is a negative and in this situation, there are two large negative effects. First, there may be a bad relationship. A loss of communication or overall neglect may form if the sibling rivalry as children carries over into adulthood. Also, sibling rivalry may cause underachievement. With an older or younger sibling who is far more successful than the other, that sibling may fall far short of the life they planned on and seem useless compared to their sibling.
Every parent with more than one child has at some point experienced the agony of sibling rivalry in the household. It is an inevitable situation but can only be handled once it arises. The causes of attention, jealousy, uniqueness, and family life create much of the battle that occurs. Fortunately, mostly good evolves from the competitive nature of sibling rivalry but there is a chance it may have a negative impact on a person for the rest of their lives. A person’s brothers and sisters tend to be some of the most important and influential people in his or her life and the years of fierce rivalry often result in an everlasting, loving relationship.