Cancer is a group of diseases in which the body produces an excess of malignant cells (known as cancer) with growth and division beyond the normal limits.
Surgery is the method most commonly used for small tumors located in a particular place. To be fully effective it is necessary to remove part of the tissue surrounding the tumor so as to ensure that all cancer cells have been removed.
If the cancer has spread to other areas, there are the following treatments:
Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles that go to the specific place where they are cancer cells.
Chemotherapy uses drugs (drugs) to treat cancer.
What is breast cancer
It is a type of cancer that mainly affects women is the development of malignant cells in the breast.
The main risk factors for breast cancer are:
??? Age and gender: the risk of breast cancer increases as you age. Most cases of advanced breast cancer in women over 40 years.
??? Family history of breast cancer: one also has a higher risk of developing breast cancer if you have a close relative who has had this cancer.
??? Genes: Some people have genes that make them more likely to develop breast cancer.
??? menstrual cycle: women who start their periods early (before age 12) or went through menopause late (after 55) have an increased risk of breast cancer.
Mammography is a specific type of imaging that uses a low-dose X-ray to examine breasts. A mammography exam, called a mammogram, is used to assist in early detection and diagnosis of breast diseases in women.
The treatment is based on many factors, including the type and stage of cancer, whether or not cancer is sensitive to certain hormones, etc.. In general, cancer treatments may include:
??? Chemotherapy medicines to kill cancer cells.
??? Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous tissue.
??? Surgery to remove cancerous tissue.
In Spain are diagnosed each year 15,000 new cases are handled, and today figures showing that one in Spanish 16-18 have a breast cancer.
In the age group of 45-55 years, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women in our country, ahead of lung cancer.
The cure rate in Spain is around 60%. In the case of relapse, the estimate of survival is about two 2 years of life.
When the tumor is detected early, ie, not extended or evolved, the cure rate is 90%.
In the United States are diagnosed each year about 190,000 new cases of breast cancer.
Mortality rates for breast cancer decrease with advancing age.
Fight against cancer
In the U.S. one of the last campaign in the fight against breast cancer has been, stand up to cancer, involving actresses and singers like Janet Jackson, Rihanna, Leona Lewis, Miley Cyrus and many others.
In Spain one of the most famous campaigns, and more impact has been that of Ausonia.