Question 1. Definitions of paid & unpaid work plus examples:

– Defined as ???the production of goods or services that is undertaken for payment???.

Paid work is money received in form of salary, wages, or commission or via indirect means such as use of company cars, bonuses, and shares.

– Defined as ???an activity involving the production of goods and services for which someone could be paid, but has been performed without payment???.

Unpaid work includes community and volunteer work. It also involves individuals participating in work experience which allows people to learn new skills at a workplace without being paid.

Society relies heavily on volunteer work. Volunteers are crucial to organisations such as meals on wheels, bush fire brigade and sporting clubs.

Question 2. Name the laws that relate to equality in the workplace and explain what these laws mean for each gender

The following federal and state legislation covers workplace diversity and equal opportunity in Australia, it applies to all genders:

The Australian Human Rights Commission Act
The Age Discrimination Act
The Sex Discrimination Act
The Racial Discrimination Act
The Racial Hatred Act The Disability Discrimination Act
The Workplace Gender Equality Act 2012
The Fair Work Act and National Employment Standards (NES)
State-based anti-discrimination and OH&S laws

The Workplace Gender Equality Act. ??“ Equality is achieved when people are able to access and enjoy the same rewards, resources and opportunities regardless if they are male or female.

The aim of gender equality in the workplace is to achieve broadly equal outcomes for women and men..? 

To achieve this requires workplaces to provide equal remuneration for women and men for work of equal or
comparable value. The removal of barriers to the full and equal participation of women in the workforce.
Full access to all occupations and industries, including to leadership roles for women and men.
Elimination of discrimination on the basis of gender particularly in relation to family and caring responsibilities for both woman and men.

Gender equality is about women and men being offered the same opportunities in the workplace. It is also about all Australians being able to balance paid work and caring and family responsibilities.
Woman in the workforce has increased significantly but woman continue to be disadvantaged. For example, they spend less time in the paid workforce than men, earn less than men and are underrepresented in leadership positions. As a consequence, women accrue less retirement savings. Increased participation of women in the labour force is fundamental to improving national productivity, enhancing the performance of business and addressing current and future skills shortages.

Progress towards gender equality also benefits men. Men are impacted, for example, in relation to accessing flexible working arrangements, including for caring and family responsibilities.

The Australian Human Rights Commission is a national independent statutory body of the? Australian Government. It has responsibility for the investigation of alleged infringements under Australia??™s anti-discrimination legislation. Matters that can be investigated by the Commission include discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, sexual orientation, sexual harassment, marital status and pregnancy.

The Age Discrimination Act 2004 makes it against the law to treat you unfairly because of your age. The ADA protects young people, older people and everyone in between.

The Sex Discrimination Act – Under the Act, individuals can lodge? complaints of sex discrimination and sexual harassment with the Australian Human Rights Commission. The AHRC undertake a range of activities to address discrimination, sexual harassment and other barriers to equality.
Question 3. Issues of work in the home for parties in paid work:

Types of home-based work
There are three types of work-from-home scenarios:

* Telecommuting – this is where you work from home either on a full time, part time or casual basis and communicate with your office via email, phone, instant messaging etc
* Self employed contractor – as a contractor you generate your own income from hiring out your services, profession or trade. For example a music tutor, or massage therapist, will charge by the hour for their services.
* Home-based business – this is most commonly associated with work from home ie: family day care, small trade business ie: mechanic, signwriter

While working from home has its advantages for many employees and employers alike, it can also cause isolation, decimation of the work-life balance, distractions and additional costs. Other side effects of isolation from co-workers can be the lack of opportunities to brainstorm ideas and solve problems as a team, resulting in an overall drop in productivity, according to the study. The primary driver of working from home is its allowance of a work-life balance. In working from home, individuals are able to have an active role in the day-to-day running of their household and can set their own hours. Additionally, household distractions can dilute productivity and focus. Workplace Health and Safety are also a concern, primarily surrounding the ergonomics of their home office. Not having a properly set up desk, or a desk at all, can result in bad posture and worse problems down the track.

* Working from home makes a lot of sense when youre launching a business and have limited startup funds.
* In addition to saving money on operating expenses like rent and utilities, youll save on commuting costs and wardrobe expenses..
* But there are some disadvantages to? working from home. Clients may not find your home office very professional.

You personally may find it difficult to concentrate on work when your children are chanting your name. Friends and family also may drop in unannounced because youre at home. And the list of distractions goes on.

Working from home pros
Independence and control in your work day with the ability to structure work hours around your own schedule and family commitments.
Possibility to enjoy more family time
Tax advantages – you may be entitled to claim office equipment and utility costs
Save time and $ on commuting costs
No office politics or distractions
Greater flexibility in your working hours
Working from home cons:
Household distractions and family interruptions
Having to secure child care for when youre working
Can be isolating and lonely
Lack of IT support
You may find it difficult to separate work from home life
Must be self motivated and organised everyday